As Christians - we all confess something. And what we confess unites us with believers both locally and historically. In order to pursue a greater unity and a more loving fellowship, FFC uses the Baptist Catechism (often called Keach's catechism - but we aren't using the one he popularized) for a responsive reading in our morning service`.
There have been some modifications to the catechism over the years and because of this - your copy may have slightly different wording of a particular question or perhaps, a different ordering of questions or a different question all together depending on what copy you have. Also, we are taking liberty to modernize the language.
Please see this link for sermons preached at FFC on each of these questions.
The Baptist Catechism - published 1693
as presented by the Charleston Association, 1813
(Updated with modern English)
Q. Who is the first and chiefest being?
A. God is the first and chiefest being (Is. 44:6; 48:12; Ps. 97:9).
Q. Should every one believe there is a God?
A. Everyone should believe there is a God (Heb. 11:6); and it is their great sin and folly who do not (Ps. 14:1).
Q. How may we know there is a God?
A. The light of nature in man and the works of God plainly declare there is a God (Rom. 1:19,20; Ps. 19:1, 2, 3; Acts 17:24); but his word and Spirit only do it fully and effectually for the salvation of sinners (1 Cor. 2:10; 2 Tim. 3:15,16).
Q. What is the word of God?
A. The holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God, and the only certain rule of faith and obedience (2 Tim. 3:16; Eph. 2:20).
Q. May all men make use of the holy scriptures?
A. All men are not only permitted, but commanded and exhorted to read, hear, and understand the holy scriptures (John 5:38; Rev. 17:18, 19; 1:3; Acts 8:30).
Q. What things are chiefly contained in the holy scriptures?
A. The holy scriptures chiefly contain what man ought to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man (2 Tim. 1:13; 3:15,16).
Q. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit (John 4:24), infinite (Job 11:7, 8, 9), eternal (Ps. 110:2), and unchangeable (Jas. 1:17) in his being (Ex. 33:14), wisdom (Ps. 147:5), power (Rev. 4:8), holiness (Rev. 15:4), justice, goodness, and truth (Ex. 34:6).
Q. Are there more gods than one?
A. There is but one only, the living and true God (Deut. 6:4, 7; Jer 10:10).
Q. How many persons are there in the Godhead?
A. There are three persons in the godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory (1 John 5:7; Mt. 28:19).
Q. What are the decrees of God?
A. The decrees of God are his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he has foreordained whatsoever comes to pass (Eph. 1:4, 11; Rom. 9:22-23; Is. 46:10; Lam. 3:37).
Q. How does God execute his decrees?
A. God executs His decrees in the works of creation and providence.
Q. What is the work of creation?
A. The work of creation is God's making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good (Gen. 1 throughout; Heb. 11:3).
Q. How did God create man?
A. God created man, male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures (Gen. 1:26, 27, 28; Col. 3:10, Eph. 4:24).
Q. What are God's works of providence?
A. Gods works of providence are his most holy, (Ps. 145:17; 104:24) wise (Is. 28:29), and powerful preserving (Heb. 1:3) and governing all his creatures, and all their actions (Ps. 103:19; Mt. 10:29, 30, 31).
Q. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man in the estate wherein he was created?
A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him upon condition of perfect obedience: forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (Gal. 3:12; Gen. 2:17).
Q. Did our first parents continue in the state that they were created?
A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God (Gen. 3:6, 7, 8, 13; Ecc. 7:29).
Q. What is sin?
A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God (1 John 3:4).
Q. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?
A. The sin whereby our parents fell from the estate wherein they were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit (Gen. 3:12, 16, 17).
Q. Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?
A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression (Gen. 2:16, 17; Rom. 5:12; 1 Cor. 15:21, 22).
Q. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?
A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery (Rom. 5:12).
Q. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it (Rom. 5:12, to the end; Eph. 2:1, 2, 3; James 1:14, 15; Mt. 15:19).
Q. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God (Gen. 3:8, 10, 24), are under his wrath and curse (Eph. 2:2, 3; Gal. 3:10), and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever (Lam. 3:39; Rom. 6:23; Mt. 25:41, 46).
Q. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A. God having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life (Eph. 1:4, 5), did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer (Rom. 3:20-22; Gal. 3:21, 22).
Q. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Tim. 2:5, 6); who, being the eternal Son of God, became man (John 1:14; Gal. 4:4), and so was and continues to be God and man in two distinct natures, and one person for ever (Rom. 9:5; Lk. 1:35; Col. 2:9; Heb. 7:24, 25).
Q. How did Christ, being the Son of God become man?
A. Christ the Son of God became man by taking to himself a true body (Heb. 2:14, 16; 10:5), and a reasonable soul (Mt. 26:38); being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her (Luke 1:27, 31, 34, 35, 42; Gal. 4:4), yet without sin (Heb. 4:15; 7:26).
Q. What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?
A. Christ as our Redeemer executes the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of king, both in his state of humiliation and exaltation (Acts 3:22; Heb. 7:25; 2 Cor. 13:3; Heb. 5:5, 6, 7; Ps. 3:6; Is. 9:6, 7; Mt. 21:5; Ps. 2:6, 8, 10, 11).
Q. How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executes the office of prophet in revealing to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation (John 1:18; 2 Pet. 1:10, 11, 12; John 15:15; and 20:31).
Q. How does Christ execute the office of a priest?
A. Christ executes the office of priest in His once offering up himself as a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice (Heb. 9:14, 28) and reconcile us to God (Heb. 2:17), and in making continual intercession for us (Heb. 7:24, 25).
Q. How does Christ execute the office of king?
A. Christ executes the office of a king, in subduing us to himself (Acts 15:14, 15, 16), in ruling (Is. 33:22), and defending us (Is. 32:1, 2), and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies (1 Cor. 15:25; Ps. 110 throughout).
Q. Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
A. Christ's humiliation consists in his being born, and that in a low condition (Luke 2:7), made under the law (Gal. 4:4), undergoing the miseries of this life (Heb. 7:2, 3; Is. 53:2, 3), the wrath of God (Luke 22:44; Mt. 27:46), and the cursed death of the cross (Phil. 2:8); in being buried (1 Cor. 15:4), and continuing under the power of death for a time (Acts 2:24, 25, 26, 27, 31; Mt. 12:40).
Q. What do we learn in Christ's exaltation?
A. Christ's exaltation consists in His rising again from the dead on the third day (1 Cor. 15:4), in ascending up into heaven (Mark 16:19), in sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Eph. 1:20), and in coming to judge the world at the last day (Acts 1: 11; 17:31).
Q. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us (John 1:11,12) by his Holy Spirit (Titus 3:5,6).
Q. How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
A. The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us (Eph. 1:13, 14; John 6:37, 39; Eph. 2:8), and thereby uniting us to Christ, in our effectual calling (Eph. 3:17; 1 Cor. 1:9).
Q. What is effectual calling?
A. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit (2 Tim. 1:9; 2 Thess. 2:13, 14), whereby convincing us of our sin and misery (Acts 2:37), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (Acts 2:18), and renewing our wills (Ez. 36:26, 27), he does persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ as freely offered to us in the gospel (John 6:44, 45; Phil. 2:13).
Q. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification (Rom. 8:30), adoption (Eph. 1:5), sanctification, and the several benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them (1 Cor. 1:30).
Q. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins (Rom. 3:24, 25; and 4:6, 7, 8), and accepts us as righteous in his sight (2 Cor. 5:19, 21), only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us (Rom. 5:17-19), and received by faith alone (Gal. 2:16; Phil. 3:9).
Q. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace (1 John 3:1), whereby we are received into the number and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God (John 1:12; Rom. 8:14).
Q. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace (2 Thess. 2:13), whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God (Eph. 4:23, 24), and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness (Rom. 6:4, 6).
Q. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?
A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are assurance of God's love, peace of conscience (Rom. 5:1, 2, 5), joy in the Holy Spirit (Rom. 5:5, 17), increase of grace (Pr. 4:18), and perseverance therein to the end (1 John 5:13; 1 Pet. 1:5).
Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness (Heb. 12:23), and do immediately pass into glory (2 Cor. 5:1, 6, 8; Phil. 1:23; Luke 23:43); and their bodies being still united to Christ (1 Thess. 4:14), do rest in their grave (Is. 57:2) till the resurrection (Job 19:26, 27).
Q. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
A. At the resurrection believers, being raised up in glory (1 Cor. 15:43), shall be openly acknowledged, and acquitted in the day of judgment (Mt. 25:23; Mt. 10:32), and made perfectly blessed, both in soul and body, in the full enjoyment of God (1 John 3:2; 1 Cor. 13:12) to all eternity (1 Thess. 4:17, 18).
Q. But what shall be done to the wicked at their death?
A. The souls of the wicked shall, at their death, be cast into the torments of hell, and their bodies lie in their graves, till the resurrection and judgment of the great day (Luke 16:23, 24; Acts 1:24; Jude 5, 7; 1 Pet. 3:19; Ps. 49:14).
Q. What shall be done to the wicked, at the day of judgment?
A. At the day of judgment the bodies of the wicked, being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels for ever (John 5:28, 29; Mt. 25:41, 46; 2 Thes. 1:8, 9).
Q. What is the duty which God requires of man?
A. The duty which God requires of man is, obedience to his revealed will (Mic 6:8; 1 Sam. 15:22).
Q. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the moral law (Rom. 2; 14, 15, and 10:5).
Q. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments (Deut. 10:4; Mt. 19:17).
Q. What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A. The sum of the ten commandments is, to love the Lord our God, with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves (Mt. 22:37-40).
Q. What is the preface to the ten commandments?
A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words; I am the Lord your God who has brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage (Ex. 20:2).
Q. What does the preface to the ten commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the ten commandments teaches us that because God is the Lord, and our God and redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments (Luke 1:74, 75; 1 Pet. 1:15-19).
Q. What is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, You shall have no other gods before me (Ex. 20:3).
Q. What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requires us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God and our God (1 Chron. 28:9; Deut. 26:17), and to worship and glorify Him accordingly (Mt. 4:10; Ps. 29:2).
Q. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbidds the denying (Ps. 14: 1), or not worshipping and glorifying the true God (Rom. 1:21), as God and our God (Ps. 81:10, 11), and the giving that worship and glory to any other, which is due unto him alone (Rom. 1:25, 26).
Q. What are we especially taught by these words before me, in the first commandment?
A. These words before me, in the first commandment teach us, that God, who sees all things, takes notice of and is greatly displeased with the sin of having any other god (Ex. 8:5, to the end).
Q. What is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments. (ESV)
(Ex. 20:4, 5, 6).
Q. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requires the receiving, observing, and keeping pure all religious worship and ordinances, as God has appointed in his word (Deut. 32:46; Mt. 23:20; Acts 2:42).
Q. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbidds the worshipping of God by images (Deut. 4:15-19; Ex. 32:5, 8), or any other way not appointed in his word (Deut. 7:31, 32).
Q. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God's sovereignty over us (Ps. 45:2, 3, 6), His propriety in us (Ps. 45:11), and the zeal He has to his own worship (Ex. 34:13, 14).
Q. Which is the third commandment?
A. The third commandment is, You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain (Ex. 20:7).
Q. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use of God's names (Mt. 6:9; Deut. 23:58), titles (Ps. 68:4), attributes (Rev. 15:3, 4), ordinances, (Mal. 1: 11, 14), word (Ps. 136: 1, 2) and works (Job 36:24).
Q. What is forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment forbidds all profaning and abusing of any thing whereby God makes himself known (Mal. 1:6, 7, 12; 2:2; 3:14).
Q. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment (1 Sam. 2:12, 17, 22, 29; 3:13; Deut. 28:58, 59).
Q. What is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy: six days shall you labour and do all you work; but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God, in it you shalt not do any work, you, nor you son, nor you daughter, nor you man-servant, nor you maid-servant, nor you cattle, nor the stranger that is within you gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it (Ex. 20:8-11).
Q. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requires the keeping holy to God one whole day in seven to be a Sabbath to himself (Ex. 20:8-11; Deut. 5:12-14).
Q. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath?
A. Before the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath (Ex. 20:8-11; Deut. 5:12-14); and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath (Ps. 118:24; Mt. 28:1; Mk. 2:27, 28; Rev. 1:10; 16:2; Lk. 24:1, 30-36; Jn. 20:1; Acts 1:3; 2:1, 2; 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1, 2).
Q. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day (Ex. 20:8, 10), even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days (Ex. 16:25-28; Neh. 13:15-22); and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship (Lk. 4:16; Acts 20:7; Ps. 92:title; Is. 66:23), except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy (Mt. 12:1-13).
Q. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbiddes the omission or careless performance of the duties required (Ez. 22:26; Amos 8:5; Mal. 1:13), and the profaning the day by idleness (Acts 20:7, 9), or doing that which is in itself sinful (Ez. 23:38), or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about worldly employments or recreations (Jer 17:24-27; Is. 58:13).
Q. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, are God's allowing us six days of the week for our own lawful employments (Ex. 20:9), his challenging a special propriety in a seventh, His own example, and his blessing the Sabbath day (Ex. 20:11).
Q. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honor your father and you mother; that your days may be long in the land which the Lord your God gives you (Ex. 20:12).
Q. What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requires preserving the honor, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors (Eph. 5:21), inferiors (1 Pet. 2:17), or equals (Rom. 12:10).
Q. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddes the neglect of, or doing any thing against the honor and duty which belongs to every one in their several places and relations (Mt. 15:4-6; Ez. 34:24; Rom. 13:8).
Q. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God's glory, and their own good) to all who keep this commandment (Deut. 5:16; Eph. 6:2, 3).
Q. What is the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment is, You shall not kill (Ex. 20:13).
Q. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requires all lawful endeavours to preserve our own life (Eph. 5:28,29) and the life of others (1 Kings 18:4).
Q. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment absolutely forbidde the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbour unjustly, or whatsoever constitutes murder and unjust harm (Acts 26:28; Gen. 9:9).
Q. What is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, You shall not commit adultery (Ex. 20:14).
Q. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requires the preservation of our own and our neighbors chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior (1 Cor. 7:2, 3, 5, 34, 36; Col. 4:6; 1 Pet. 3:2).
Q. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbidde all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions (Mt. 15:19, 5:28; Eph. 5:3, 4).
Q. What is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, You shall not steal (Ex. 20:15).
Q. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requires the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves and others (Gen. 30:30; 1 Tim. 5:8; Lev. 25:35; Deut. 22:1, 2, 3, 4, 5; Ex. 23:4, 5; Gen. 47:14, 20).
Q. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbiddes whatsoever does or may unjustly hinder our own (1 Tim. 5:8; Pr. 28:19) or our neighbour's wealth or outward estate (Pr. 21:17, and 23:20, 21; Eph. 4:28).
Q. What is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, You shalt not bear false witness against your neighbour (Ex. 20:16).
Q. What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man (Zech. 8:16), and of our own neighbour's good name (Jn. 5:12), especially in witnessbearing (Pr. 14:5, 25).
Q. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment forbiddes whatsoever is prejudicial to the truth, or injurious to our own or our neighbour's good name (1 Sam. 17:28; Lev. 19:16; Ps. 15:2, 3).
Q. What is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is You shall not covet your neighbour's house, you shall not covet your neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, or anything that is your neighbour's (Ex. 20:17).
Q. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requires full contentment with our own condition (Heb. 13:5; 1 Tim. 6:6), with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbour, and all that is his (Job 31:29; Rom. 7:15; 1 Tim. 1:5; 1 Cor. 8:4, 7).
Q. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment forbiddes all discontentment with our own estate (1 Kings 21:4; Esther 5:13; 1 Cor. 10:10), envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour (Gal. 5:26; James 3:14, 16), and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his (Rom. 7:7, 8, 13:9; Deut. 5:21).
Q. Is. any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life to perfectly keep the commandments of God (Ecc. 7:20; 1 John 1:8, 10; Gal. 5:17), but does daily break them in thought, word, or deed (Gn 4:5, and 7:21; Rom. 3:9-21; James 3:2-13).
Q. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others (Ez. 8:6, 13, 15; 1 Jn. 5:16; Ps. 78:17, 32, 56).
Q. What does every sin deserve?
A. Every sin deserves God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come (Eph. 5:6; Gal. 3:10; Lam. 3:39; Mt. 25:41; Rom. 6:23).
Faith and Repentance
Q. What does God require of us that we may escape his wrath and curse, due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requires of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life (Acts 20:21), with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption (Pr. 2:1-6, 8:33 to the end; Is. 55:2, 3).
Q. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace (Heb. 10:39), whereby we receive and rest upon Him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospel (Jn. 1:12; Is. 26:3, 4; Ph. 3:9; Gal. 2:16).
Q. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace (Acts 11:28), whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin (Acts 2:37, 38), and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ (Joel 2:12; Jer 3:22), does, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God (Jer 31:18, 19; Ez. 36:3 1), with full purpose to pursue new obedience (2 Cor. 7: 1 1; Is. 1: 16, 17).
Q. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicates to us the benefits of redemption are his ordinances, especially the word, baptism, the Lord's supper, and prayer; all which means are made effectual to the elect for salvation (Mt. 28:19, 20; Acts 2:42, 46, 47).
Q. How is the word made effectual to salvation?
A. The Spirit of God makes the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building them up in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation (Neh. 8:8; Acts 26:18; Ps. 19:8; Acts 20:32; Rom. 1: 15, 16, 10: 13, 14, 15, 16, 17; 15:4; 1 Cor. 14:24, 25; 1 Tim. 3:15, 16, 17; ).
Q. How is the word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual to salvation?
A. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend it with diligence (Pr. 8:34), preparation (1 Pet. 2:1, 2), and prayer (Ps. 119:18); receive it with faith and love (Heb. 4:2; 2 Thes. 2:10), lay it up in our hearts (Ps. 119:18), and practice it in our lives (Luke 8:15; James 1:25).
Q. How do baptism and the Lords supper become effectual means of salvation?
A. Baptism and the Lords supper become effectual means of salvation, not for any virtue in them, or in him that does administer them, but only by the blessing of Christ (1 Pet. 3:21; Mt. 3:11; 1 Cor. 3:6, 7), and the working of the Spirit in those that by faith receive them (1 Cor. 12:3; Mt. 28:19).
Q. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament instituted by Jesus Christ, to be unto the party baptized a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, burial, and resurrection; of his being ingrafted into him (Rom. 6:3, 4, 5; Col. 2:12; Gal. 3:27); of remission of sins (Mk. 1:4; Acts 2:38, and 22:16); and of his giving up himself unto God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life (Rom. 6:3, 4).
Q. To whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance towards God (Acts 2:38; Mt. 3:6), faith in and obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ, and to none other (Acts 8:12, 36, 37, 38; 10:47, 48).
Q. Are the infants of professing believers to be baptized?
A. The infants of professing believers are not to be baptized, because there is neither command or example in the holy scriptures, or certain consequence from them to baptize such (Ex. 23:13; Pr. 30:6; Lk. 3:7, 8).
Q. How is Baptism rightly administered?
A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the party in water, into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ's institution, and the practice of the apostles (Mt. 3:16; Jn. 3:23; 4:1, 2; Mt. 28:19, 20; Acts 8:38; Rom. 6:4; Col. 2:12), and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men.
Q. What is the duty of such who are rightly baptized?
A. It is the duty of such who are rightly baptized to give up themselves to some particular and orderly church of Jesus Christ, that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Acts 2:41, 42; 5:13, 14; 9:26; 1 Pet. 2:5; Lk. 1:6).
The Lord's Supper
Q. What is the Lord's supper?
A. The Lords supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ; wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to his appointment, his death is shown forth, and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace (Mt. 26:26, 27, 28; 1 Cor. 11:23-26; 10:16).
Q. Who are the proper subjects of this ordinance?
A. They who have been baptized upon a personal profession of their faith in Jesus Christ, and repentance from dead works (Acts 2:41, 42).
Q. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body (1 Cor. 11:28, 29), of their faith to feed upon him (2 Cor. 13:5), of their repentance (1 Cor. 11:31), love (1 Cor. 10:16, 17), and new obedience (1 Cor. 5:7, 8), lest coming unworthily they eat and drink judgment to themselves (1 Cor. 11:28, 29).
Q. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up our desires to God (Ps. 62:8), by the assistance of the Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:26), for things agreeable to his will (1 Jn. 5:14; Rom. 8:27), in the name of Christ (Jn. 16:23), believing (Mt. 21:22; James 1:6), with confession of our sins (Ps. 32:5, 6; Dan. 9:4), and thankful acknowledgments of his mercies (Ph. 4:6).
Q. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer (1 Jn. 5:14); but the special rule of direction is that prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called the Lord's prayer (Mt. 6:9-13; with Lk. 11:2-4).
Q. What does the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord's prayer, which is Our Father in heaven (Mt. 6:9), teaches us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us (Rom. 8:15; Lk. 11:13; Is. 24:8); and that we should pray with and for others (Acts 12:5; 1 Tim. 2:1, 2).
Q. What do we pray for in the first petition?
A. In the first petition, which is, Hallowed be your name (Mt. 6:9), we pray that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he makes himself known (Ps. 67:2, 3), and that he would dispose all things to his own glory (Ps. 83 throughout; Rom. 11:36).
Q. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition, which is, Your kingdom come (Mt. 6:10), we pray that Satan's kingdom may be destroyed (Ps. 68:1, 18), and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced (Rev. 12:10, 11), ourselves and others brought into it and kept in it (2 Thes. 3: 1; Rom. 10: 1; Jn. 17:19, 20), and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened (Rev. 22:10).
Q. What do we pray for in the third petition?
A. In the third petition, which is, Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven (Mt. 6:10), we pray that God by his grace would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things (Ps. 67: throughout; Ps. 119:36; 2 Sam. 15:25; Job 1:21), as the angels do in heaven (Ps. 103:20, 21).
Q. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. In the fourth petition, which is, Give us this day our daily bread (Mt. 6:11), we pray that of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them (Pr. 30:8; Gn 28:20; 1 Tim. 4:4, 5).
Q. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In the fifth petition, which is, And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors (Mt. 6:12), we pray that God, for Christ's sake, would freely pardon all our sins (Ps. 51:1, 2, 7, 9; Dan. 9:17-19); which we are rather encouraged to ask because of his grace we are enabled from the heart to forgive others (Lk. 11:4; Mt. 18:35).
Q. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. In the sixth petition, which is, And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil (Mt. 6:13), we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to sin (Mt. 26:31), or support and deliver us when we are tempted (2 Cor. 12:8).
Q. What does the conclusion of the Lord's prayer teach?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's prayer, which is, For Yours is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen (Mt. 6:13), teaches us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only (Dan. 9:4, 7-9, 16-19), and in our prayers to praise Him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory, to Him (1 Chron. 29:10-13). And in testimony of our desire and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen (1 Cor. 4:16; Rev. 11:20; 22:20, 21).